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Focus on : artists' studios

artists' studios

An artist’s studio was primarily the place for their artistic creation but it was also a place where the artist would invite friends, family, pupils or patrons.

4 museums
11 works
Subject
Atelier d'artisteEchafaudageSculpteurStatue
Period
Cinquième République (1958- )Epoque contemporaine (1790 à nos jours)
Century
20e siècle21e siècle2e quart du 19e siècle4e quart du 19e siècle
Theme
PortraitVue d'intérieur
Object category
Arts graphiquesPeinturePhotographie

The studio was often attached to the artist’s house. Sometimes, the artist would sleep and live in the studio, alone or with his family. Three City of Paris museums are now located in what used to be artists’ studios: the Musée Zadkine, the Musée Bourdelle and the Musée de la Vie Romantique.

The artist's studio, a place to work and somewhere to live

Workshop-museum

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L'artiste Ossip Zadkine dans son atelier
Ossip Zadkine (1890-1967), sculpteur français d'origine russe, dans son atelier. 1951. Photographie de Willy Maywald (1907-1985). Paris, musée Carnavalet.© Willy Maywald - Reproduction : Musée Carnavalet / Roger-Viollet
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L'artiste Ossip Zadkine dans son atelier
Maywald, Willy
Datation
En 1962
Museum
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris

L'artiste Ossip Zadkine dans son atelier

This photograph shows Ossip Zadkine carving a wood sculpture in one of his studios. The present-day visitor to the Zadkine museum will discover both his home and his studios. These creative spaces surround a peaceful garden. Zadkine lived there between 1928 and 1967.

Maywald, Willy
En 1962
Photographie, Arts graphiques
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris

Musée Bourdelle

When, in 1885, Bourdelle moved into 16, impasse du Maine, amid the gardens and vines, artists' studios were "as numerous as blades of grass among the paving stones" - the sculptor Aimé-Jules Dalou and painter Eugène Carrière were among his neighbours. Bourdelle was based in this land of arts for around forty-five years and stayed faithful to the studios, which were part laboratory and part sanctuary. In the early 1920's, it became clear that creating a museum would preserve his life's work. Determined to bequeath his work "as Rodin did", in order to create a museum bearing his name, Bourdelle drew up several buildings plans in 1928. He went as far as to imagine a museum display where each sculpture had its place. However, the museum he imagined would not come to life until after his death.

Heuzé, Jean-Jacques, Heuzé, Jean-Jacques
En 1983
Photographie, Arts graphiques
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris
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Musée Bourdelle
Sculpture "Le Fruit" de Bourdelle, musée Bourdelle. Paris (XVème arr.). Photographie de Jean-Jacques Heuzé. Gélatino-bromure. Papier Agfa traditionnel (ton chaud). 1983. Paris, musée Carnavalet.© Jean-Jacques Heuze - Reproduction : Musée Carnavalet / Parisienne de Photographie
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Musée Bourdelle
Heuzé, Jean-Jacques
Datation
En 1983
Museum
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris

The studio is the place where an artist can get away and work alone. Parallels have often been drawn between the visual artist in their studio and the writer alone at a desk in their study. The collections in the respective houses of Balzac (la Maison de Balzac) and Victor Hugo (les Maisons de Victor Hugo – one in Paris, the other in Guernsey) reflect the atmosphere of that emblematic place where great works gradually come into being. But an artist’s studio (or atelier as the French say) could also become a hive of activity with visitors, pupils, or friends and relations. In art history, the French word atelier, which also means ‘workshop’, is used to describe a collective of collaborators, assistants, and pupils of the same master. Scenes depicting groups of artists at work, in art schools and academies –during a session with a live model, more often than not – are a frequent subject for artists.

In the studio

Between isolation and sharing

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Fremiet
Portrait d'Emmanuel Frémiet (1824-1910), sculpteur français. 1870-1890. Photographie anonyme. Paris, musée Carnavalet.© Musée Carnavalet / Roger-Viollet
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Fremiet
Anonyme
Datation
En 1895
Museum
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris

Fremiet

Anonyme
En 1895
Photographie, Arts graphiques
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris
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Atelier d'Emmanuel Frémiet
"Atelier d'Emmanuel Fremiet". Fremiet Emmanuel, sculpteur - 1824-1910. Photographie anonyme, 1880-1890. Musée des Beaux-Arts de la Ville de Paris, Petit Palais.© Petit Palais / Roger-Viollet
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Verso de la photographie de l'"Atelier d'Emmanuel Fremiet". Fremiet Emmanuel, sculpteur - 1824-1910. Photographie anonyme, 1880-1890. Musée des Beaux-Arts de la Ville de Paris, Petit Palais.© Petit Palais / Roger-Viollet
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Others visuals (2)
Sculpteur - Atelier d'artiste - Statue - Echafaudage
Atelier d'Emmanuel Frémiet
Bénard, Edmond
Datation
Entre 1880 et 1900
Museum
Petit Palais, musée des Beaux-arts de la Ville de Paris

Atelier d'Emmanuel Frémiet

Bénard, Edmond
Entre 1880 et 1900
Photographie
Petit Palais, musée des Beaux-arts de la Ville de Paris
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La pose du modèle
Achille Devéria (1800-1857). "Intérieur de l'atelier d'Eugène Devéria (1805-1865)". Huile sur toile. Paris, musée de la Vie romantique.© Musée de la Vie Romantique / Roger-Viollet
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La pose du modèle
Devéria, Achille
Datation
Vers 1838
Museum
Musée de la Vie romantique

La pose du modèle

Devéria, Achille
Vers 1838
Peinture
Musée de la Vie romantique
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Le look-out, Hauteville House, jeudi 5 mars 1998, 13h
Le look-out, Hauteville house. Jeudi 5 mars 1998, 13h. Photographie de Olivier Mériel (né en 1955). Paris, Maison de Victor Hugo.© Olivier Mériel - Reproduction : Maisons de Victor Hugo / Parisienne de Photographie
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Le look-out, Hauteville House, jeudi 5 mars 1998, 13h
Mériel, Olivier
Datation
Hiver 1998
Museum
Maison de Victor Hugo - Hauteville House

Le look-out, Hauteville House, jeudi 5 mars 1998, 13h

Mériel, Olivier
Hiver 1998
Photographie
Maison de Victor Hugo - Hauteville House
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Le look-out à Hauteville House
"Le look-out". Photographie de Joël Laiter. Paris, Maison de Victor Hugo.© Joël Laiter / Maisons de Victor Hugo / Roger-Viollet
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Le look-out à Hauteville House
Laiter, Joël
Datation
En 2001
Museum
Maison de Victor Hugo - Hauteville House

Le look-out à Hauteville House

Laiter, Joël
En 2001
Photographie
Maison de Victor Hugo - Hauteville House

Le modèle dans l'atelier

Appia, Béatrice
Vers 1950
Peinture
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris

The theme of the Artist’s Studio ran through the whole history of Western art until it also became a favourite subject in photography, as we saw in the exhibition Dans l’atelier, (5 April – 17 July 2016 at the Petit Palais). These studio scenes, whether paintings or photographs, provide invaluable documentary evidence of the way artists’ lives and practices developed. Sometimes their intention was to promote the artist, but they also showed the artist’s studio as a place of inspiration per se, prefiguring the emergence of the artist in the 19th century as a ‘romantic’ figure, the object of fascination and fantasy. That fascination was also reflected in 19th century literature. There is, for example, Honoré de Balzac’s short story The Unknown Masterpiece (Le Chef-d’œuvre inconnu) or Emile Zola’s novel His Masterpiece (L’oeuvre), where the artist’s studio is described in a patchwork of elements from real life mixed with fictional details.

The artist's studio, a recurrent theme

Portrait

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Le photographe Disdéri dans son studio de prise de vue, assis un album photo fermé dans une main
(c) Musée Carnavalet / Ville de Paris
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(c) Musée Carnavalet / Ville de Paris
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Others visuals (2)
Le photographe Disdéri dans son studio de prise de vue, assis un album photo fermé dans une main
Disdéri, André-Adolphe-Eugène
Datation
Entre 1858 et 1865
Museum
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris

Le photographe Disdéri dans son studio de prise de vue, assis un album photo fermé dans une main

Disdéri, André-Adolphe-Eugène
Entre 1858 et 1865
Photographie, Arts graphiques
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris
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Le photographe Disdéri dans son studio de prise de vue, assis un album photo fermé dans une main
(c) Musée Carnavalet / Ville de Paris
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(c) Musée Carnavalet / Ville de Paris
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Others visuals (2)
Le photographe Disdéri dans son studio de prise de vue, assis un album photo fermé dans une main
Disdéri, André-Adolphe-Eugène
Datation
Entre 1858 et 1865
Museum
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris

Le photographe Disdéri dans son studio de prise de vue, assis un album photo fermé dans une main

Disdéri, André-Adolphe-Eugène
Entre 1858 et 1865
Photographie
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris
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Le photographe Disdéri regardant un album de photographies dans son studio de prise de vue
"Autoportrait de Disdéri", avant 1871. Carte de visite, Photographie d'André Adolphe Eugène Disdéri (1819-1889). Tirage sur papier albuminé. Paris, musée Carnavalet.© André A. E. Disdéri / Musée Carnavalet / Roger-Viollet
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(c) Musée Carnavalet / Ville de Paris
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(c) Musée Carnavalet / Ville de Paris
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Others visuals (3)
Le photographe Disdéri regardant un album de photographies dans son studio de prise de vue
Disdéri, André-Adolphe-Eugène
Datation
Entre 1858 et 1865
Museum
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris

Le photographe Disdéri regardant un album de photographies dans son studio de prise de vue

Disdéri, André-Adolphe-Eugène
Entre 1858 et 1865
Photographie, Arts graphiques
Musée Carnavalet, Histoire de Paris
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